Periodontics is a medical/surgical dentistry field of specialization that is responsible for preventing, diagnosing and treating pathologies that affect the gums, periodontal ligaments, root cement and alveolar bones to maintain oral health, function and aesthetics.
The main periodontal diseases that affect the teeth are:
Gingivitis, which is inflammation and bleeding of the gums without bone loss.
Periodontitis not only causes inflammation but also tooth bone destruction. If not treated quickly, it can cause tooth loss.